New Payment Rule for MSMEs: Balancing Positive and Negative Impacts


In a significant move, a new rule has been introduced, requiring buyers to settle payments for goods purchased from Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) within 45 days of delivery. This development aims to enhance the financial stability of MSMEs, but it comes with both positive and negative impacts that need careful consideration.

Positive Impact:

The foremost positive impact of this rule lies in streamlining cash flows for MSMEs. Timely payments can significantly improve their financial health, providing them with the necessary resources to invest in growth and sustainability. This move aligns with the broader goal of supporting and nurturing small businesses, essential for a thriving economy.

Furthermore, prompt payments can create a more predictable and stable environment for MSMEs, allowing them to plan and execute their business strategies effectively. This predictability can foster an atmosphere of trust and reliability between buyers and MSMEs, contributing to long-term business relationships.

Negative Impact:

On the flip side, the 45-day payment window may pose challenges for buyers. Meeting stringent timelines could strain the operational flexibility of businesses, especially in sectors where extended payment terms have been the norm. Some buyers might face difficulties in aligning their financial processes with this new regulation, potentially impacting their overall efficiency.

Additionally, the rigid time frame might lead to rushed decision-making on the part of buyers, potentially affecting the quality of the procurement process. Striking a balance between timely payments and ensuring a thorough and thoughtful approach to procurement becomes a crucial challenge under the new rule.


The new rule mandating payments within 45 days for MSMEs reflects a positive step towards fortifying the financial foundations of small businesses. However, it is essential to navigate the potential challenges it presents for buyers. Striking a balance that ensures the timely support of MSMEs while acknowledging the operational realities of buyers will be key to the successful implementation of this regulation. As stakeholders adapt to this change, ongoing dialogue and adjustments may be necessary to refine and optimize the impact of this rule on both MSMEs and buyers alike.